Breastfeeding Guide for Mothers (All Details)

Breastfeeding Guide for Mothers (All Details)

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Long live Breast Milk!

Miraculous food not only feeds breastfeeding babies, it also helps the immune system to develop and plays a protective role against many diseases.

Breast milk is the easiest to digest, the most natural food, covering all the elements necessary for healthy growth and development of the baby in every sense. Therefore, only breastfeeding for the first 6 months of infants provides endless benefits to its present and future health. Child Health and Diseases Specialist Aylin Simsek, Describes the effects of this extremely important food on babies.

The first days of milk is very important

Milk from the first five days after birth colostrum It said. colostrum yellowish more thick, dense milk and rich in proteins that support the baby's immunity. Especially found in colostrum IgA covering the inner surface of the baby's intestines intestinal infections protecting.

If you want to know more about breast milk, you can reach our article on the importance of breast milk in 15 questions by clicking the link below.

The importance of breast milk in 15 questions // www. / 15-questions-mother-of-Shot onemi /

Content changes according to need

Another miraculous aspect of breastmilk is that it is a living liquid and changes its content according to the needs of the baby. The content changes from mother to mother at the beginning and end of breastfeeding at certain times of the day.

On the other hand, breast milk supports the development of the baby as well as immunity. functional foods It features.

These are long chain fatty acids, probiotics, prebiotics and nucleotides. Breast milk has an active and passive role in supporting the baby's immune system. The mother transfers all the antibodies she has formed against her diseases from her milk to her baby. At the same time the proteins in the baby's immune system development.

Increases the effectiveness of the vaccine!

This miracle is found in food antimicrobial agents protects the baby from bacterial infections. Nucleotides in breastmilk play a role in the development of the efficacy of vaccines given to infants and are also important in defending against all kinds of diseases. Increases antibody production.

Contains hormones, enzymes, growth factors, living cells, antimicrobial agents protect babies from all kinds of infections, chronic diseases, obesity and allergic diseases.

When only breast milk is given for the first 6 months, infants are significantly protected against middle ear inflammation, lower and upper respiratory diseases, asthma, bronchiolitis, atopic eczema, leukemia, celiac disease, and infant cradle death.

How to Breastfeed Right?

One of the most important questions that mothers have in mind"How should I breastfeed my baby?" It is the question. Since successful breastfeeding is important for both mother and baby, the answer to the question of how to breastfeed correctly should be answered. Pregnant Trainer and Breastfeeding Consultant Esra Ertuğrul Giving.

Breast milk and breastfeeding It is a well-known fact that both baby and mother have many benefits in terms of health, immunity, developmental, psychological, social and economic aspects, especially nutrition.

For successful breastfeeding it is very important that all health personnel are educated and willing about this, that education starts during pregnancy and that support and assistance to the mother starts immediately after birth. In addition, no other food, including water, is given to the baby, the mother and the baby share the same room, Breastfeeding whenever the baby wants, pacifiers and bottles should also be avoided.

For more information, see our postnatal baby breastfeeding guide. Easily access our article by clicking on the link below.

Postnatal baby breastfeeding guide; // www. / Birth-after-the-baby-breastfeeding-directory /

How Often Breastfeeding?

When babies are born first 10-12 days breastmilk should be breastfed every hour until it matures and regardless of which breast you are breastfeeding.

After sucking from a breast after 10-12 days, if you usually sleep and want to suck again in a very short time you can continue breastfeeding from the same breast, but after sucking 2.5-3 hours then if you want to suck then you can breastfeed from the other breast.

If you pay attention to your baby's milk oily takes and weight gain as desired.

What can be done to increase breastfeeding success?

Mother with baby after birth sensual contact needs to be provided. Postponement of routine interventions until the first breastfeeding (such as weighing, blood collection, vaccine, vitamin K) is very important after the first breastfeeding.

After the baby is born providing breastfeeding 8-12 times in the first 24 hours, a technically correct breastfeeding needs to be shown to the mother by healthcare professionals. In addition, if there is no medical requirement, supplements such as water, formula, and pacifiers and bottles should not be used.

Mother and baby staying in the same room increases the success of breastfeeding.

Important! It is also important to advise the mother for her own nutrition and adequate fluid intake.

You can review our article on feeding recommendations during breastfeeding. Easy access to the article by clicking on the link below!

Nutrition recommendations during breastfeeding; // www. / Breast-feeding-the-eras onerileri /

Mother's Psychological Status Affects Breastfeeding

If there is a problem in milk production and intake, the cause must first be determined and then an appropriate solution must be produced. The most common causes of maternal psychological condition and breastfeeding technique It is important to ensure the relaxation and relaxation of the mother by using communication skills.

Also with the technical support of the milk frequently and fully draining treatment of the underlying medical problems in most cases nutritional support Solves the problem without the need.

Most Common Problems and Solutions for Breastfeeding

Failure to breastfeed correctly can cause the mother to face some problems. These issues and how to take precautions Pregnant Trainer and Breastfeeding Consultant Esra Ertuğrul It explains.

Breastfeeding problems and solutions for problems encountered during breastfeeding can read our article. Click on the link below to access the article!

Breastfeeding problems and solutions; // www. / Breast-problems-and-solutions /

Nipple Stretch Marks

One of the problems encountered during breastfeeding nipple stretch marks It is coming. Normally breastfeeding is not painful, but some mothers may feel some tenderness in their nipples after breastfeeding in the first few days, but this will quickly disappear.

In some cases, the baby can not hold the breast as a result of the good, first at the tip of the nipple and then crack occurs. Nipple cracks around the nipple, at the nipple transverse or areola can also occur.

In cases where there is no effective breastfeeding, fullness begins, as a result of bacteria passing through the cracks in the nipple, breast inflammations and abscesses may occur. In this case, it is important that the milk is completely emptied by milking and coming into contact with the air in order to provide recovery in a short time.

Breastfeeding right from the breast twice boiled warm water with milk and the most recent milk leave around the nipple (dry wound healing method) or the use of medically purified lanolin (moist wound healing method) is useful for healing.

For the treatment of nipple cracks, you can examine the nipple cream products. Click on the link to reach!

//www.e- / gogus-cream-c3944 /

Pain in the Nipple

Baby mother breast without grasping correctly nipple In case of pains occur. For proper breastfeeding, the baby has to suck the areola region around the nipple as a whole.

When the baby just sucked on the tip “painful nipple attached to positionDurum the situation is defined. No nipple cracks, nipple skin looks normal but there is a lot of pain. If the baby continues to suck in this way, the amount of milk decreases because it does not draw enough milk.

The baby often cries and asks to suck. Because the mother feels pain, she avoids breastfeeding. This can turn into a vicious circle. To prevent this situation learn the right breastfeeding techniqueAt the end of breastfeeding, the baby should wait for the nipple to drop, not forcibly pull.

Swelling in the breast, Accumulation

If milk remains in a portion of the breast or in other words in a portion of the milk channels milk build-up It said. Breast swelling at most Within 48 hours If not diminished and lost, you need to get help from a breastfeeding counselor or health professional. Otherwise, non-emptied milk may cause abscess formation, deepening of the duct obstruction and breast inflammation why is this happening.

Swelling can be prevented by placing the baby towards the breast and breastfeeding frequently.

On the other hand, from time to time, one or more of the channels that collect milk from the breast milk build-up It can occur.

The reasons for this are excessive milk production, delayed start of breastfeeding, infant's nipple placement, infrequent emptying of milk, breastfeeding time can be kept short.

Breastfeeding should be started immediately after birth in order to prevent canal obstruction and ensure that the baby gets a good breast.

Breast Inflammation (mastitis)

If bacteria enter the clogged milk channel infected breast tissue is happening. Infected mother breast, sert reliefs, severe pain, red areas and fever begins. When the mother breastfeeds her baby inadequate, sparse and short-term, the milk flow decreases, trauma to the breasts due to any impact or tapping occurs due to nipple cracks. penetration of bacteria can cause.

If breastmilk remains in one part of the breast, there milk stasis It occurs. If this milk is not emptied, it causes inflammation in the breast tissue. This is non-infective mastitis. Breast tissue can easily be infected by a bacterium entering easily from the open nipple and infective mastitis is occurring.

The basis of the treatment is to accelerate milk flow, frequent breastfeeding, gentle massage towards the nipple, warm dressing and milking to improve breast inflammation.

How should a breastfeeding mother be fed?

The feeding of nursing mothers is undoubtedly very important. Moreover, if you are a mother who is both breastfeeding and working, nutrition becomes even more important. Medical Park Göztepe Hospital to Dietitian Dilara İsmailoğlu She explains how breastfeeding mothers should be fed in daily life and while working:

Breastfeeding is very special and important for both mother and baby. In this period, milk to be at a sufficient level nutrition is one of the most important issues.

Daily enough milk to release 3 liters of liquid intake Highly important. This liquid at least 8 - 10 glasses of water it must be. The rest can be provided from milk, buttermilk, compote, compote, freshly squeezed fruit juices or vegetable juices, lemonade, lohusa sherbet, very light tea or chamomile fennel.

Mothers should take care to drink liquid after each breastfeeding, especially drinking some water.

Attention to Food Gassing During Breastfeeding!

Onion, garlic, cauliflower, cabbage, legumes, broccoli foods should be consumed with caution due to their gas-forming properties and the ability to change the taste of breast milk. Some babies may notice the difference in taste, while others may not.

After consuming such foods in the baby gas complaints and refuse to suck You can continue to consume or cut these foods.

In the process of milk formation to meet your daily protein needs In addition to plant protein sources, animal protein is also important. In addition to the daily consumption of breastfeeding women 1 egg and 2 cups of milk or yoghurt daily needs are met with additions.

day 5-7 servings of fresh vegetables and fruits must be consumed, these seasonal products should be selected.

Salami, sausage, sausage, ham containing additives such as spices and salt-intensive foods, canned foods to stay away from, calcium-rich milk, yogurt, cheese is also extremely important to consume every day.

Recommendations to increase breast milk You can watch our video.

What should be the sample of the breastfeeding mother?

Milk group:

  • 2-3 servings

Meat, cheese, eggs:

  • Cheese (60 grams) up to two matchboxes
  • Meat, chicken, fish (3-4 servings)
  • Eggs (1 serving)

Fruit and vegetable:

  • 5-7 servings


  • Bread (3-4 servings)
  • Bulgur, pasta etc. (2-3 servings)
Attention! This list is general. The diet is personal, can be reduced or increased according to personal differences. You should also consult a nutritionist to create your own plan.

Foods Increasing the Amount of Breast Milk

The majority of breastfeeding mothers are concerned at times about whether their babies have enough milk. Since the amount of milk produced by the body and the amount of the baby's sucking cannot be controlled deinsufficient milk production ” worrying is quite normal.

However, it is necessary to say that the baby can not produce enough milk is a very rare situation.

If you are eating as recommended by your doctor and if you stay away from foods and drinks that are known to reduce or reduce the quality of milk, your milk is probably sufficient for your baby.

During this period, again in consultation with your doctor you can get help from some foods that are known to increase breast milk.

Increases the amount of breast milk

You can review our article on recommendations for increasing breast milk. Click on the link to access the article!

Recommendations to increase the amount of breast milk; // www. / Shot-on-onerileri increase /

Nutrients Increasing the Amount of Breast Milk

Fenugreek seeds

Widely used in Indian cuisine and medicine fenugreek seed can help increase breast milk. Some studies have shown that regular use of fenugreek for 2 weeks increases breast milk significantly.


According to a study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, fennel, which is necessary for breast milk estrogen and prolactin production encourages.


Dill, a close relative of fennel, supports healthy breast milk production hormonal changes can help.

Malt drinks

Non-alcoholic malt drinks Vitamin B Increases milk. The most important factor here is to consume regularly every day…

In addition, there is no scientific research on the effects of breastmilk, but in various societies, there are foods that have been traditionally consumed for centuries, which are recommended to breastfeeding women. These;

Black Sesame

Calcium rich in black sesame is believed to help increase breast milk. In addition to calcium, you can use sesame seeds with some minerals such as copper in your meals.


Cumin, which is thought to promote milk production, is important to strengthen the mother after birth. iron rich in terms.


Although there is no scientific research to show that barley increases breast milk, it has been traditionally consumed by breastfeeding mothers for centuries. barley and fennel combination improve the quality of milk It is believed.


Regulates the digestive system, sedative effect in addition to a good Source of vitamin K basil can be consumed with meals or in the form of tea.

Green vegetables

Green vegetables such as beans, spinach, beet leaves and asparagus are excellent sources of vitamins and minerals lactation It may increase. These greens are also aid in digestion is happening.

Red and Orange Vegetables

Rich in beta-carotene carrots, sweet potatoes, beets and other red, orange vegetables can help improve breast milk quality.


Food fiber, iron and calcium Oat is a very popular nutrient among breastfeeding mothers. You can prepare yourself porridge and add nuts, milk, fruit or spices to increase the nutritional value of the puree.


Healthy oils such as olive oil, flaxseed oil and sesame oil are believed to help breastfeed. These oils also increase the mother's energy.

Breastfeeding and Storage

The most important food for babies is undoubtedly breast milk. Especially the benefits of breastfeeding for the first six months do not count. However, many mothers who have a new baby, especially those who will start working after a while, also have a question in mind; Nasıl how can I milk my milk and leave it to my baby ”

This issue is very important for mothers Yeditepe University Hospital Specialist Nurse Sevda Topal (Newborn Responsible Nurse) He explains.

Realized via Facebook and Youtube Breastfeeding and Storage You can watch our live broadcast.

What should be considered before milking?

To relieve the congested (swollen) breast, accumulation of milk in the breast, collapsed nipple, infant who has trouble sucking breastIf the baby, the sick mother, or the mother has started work, the milk needs to be expressed. Before milking; washing hands, choosing a quiet and calm place, drinking something warm, massaging the breasts and then milking process is required.

Working mothers breast milk to prevent the accumulation of milk Milking every 3-4 hours recommend.

Which methods can be breastfed?

Breastfeeding By Hand

One of the best ways to express milk is possible. For this, the thumb nipple and areola support the breast with the other three fingers by placing the index finger at the bottom.

Gently press your thumbs and index fingers inward against the chest wall and press and release to the right. You have to milk them by pressing the same way from the sides. Do not press the nipplemilk one nozzle for three to five minutes, then switch to another. Use a clean container with a wide mouth to express milk.

Breast Milking with Syringe Pump

Piston Insert it upside down. Put it on the nipple, pull it out, the nipple extends inwards and the milk starts to flow, you can continue the milking process by repeating.

Milking with Pump

An effective pump for your baby suction movement Because it mimics it will be easy for you. The suction of a baby is not continuous, it continues in the suck-and-drop rhythm, the suction power of the baby pulls out the milk without damaging the tissue. balancing cycle and suction required.

You can milk both breasts at the same time. First turn on the pump at a slow speed, you can set the desired speed after the milk starts to flow.

How should breast milk be stored?

It is also very important to keep the milk in proper conditions. To store breast milk a sterile container or you need to choose milk storage bag. The date and time of milk is written on the milk to give the baby the oldest date and time is important in terms of starting.

Milked breast milk for 3 hours at room temperature, 3 days on a refrigerator shelf, 3 months in a freezer It can be stored. Breast milk removed from the freezer can be given to the baby after being thawed by putting it in warm water.

3 rules for the storage of breast milk; breast milk can be stored for 3 hours at room temperature, 3 days on a refrigerator shelf and 3 months in a freezer.

Stages of Cutting Baby from Breast Milk

Breastfeeding is the greatest gift you can give your baby. However, after a certain time you have to get this gift back. If the question eki What time? D Child Health and Diseases Specialist Dicle of Faith It is useful to read the recommendations.

There is no right time to stop breastfeeding. Most importantly, it is the right time for the baby to be ready for breastfeeding and when you feel that the mother can cut breast milk. Usually babies 9-12. before month do not prefer to leave.

Suggested,breastfeeding of babies for at least 1 year and breastfeeding can be continued until 2 years of age. Keep in mind!

Please be patient !!!

You may be sad, lonely, guilty or feeling depressed extremely natural. Dr. Faith says about what you can do both for yourself and for your baby: alın Hold your baby more during this period and remember that breastfeeding is a step of growth. İn

Weaning there is another point to be considered. Breastfeeding should not be stopped suddenly, but slowly and acclimatically. Sudden interruption can be traumatic for the baby.

Dr. Faith uyarı If there will be an important event in your child's life (such as moving out, starting a mother, starting a new caregiver), veya he warns. disease-teething period postpone this for a while. ”

Try These Methods to Cut Breast Milk!

  • Start by skipping breastfeeding once a day. Gradually Reduce one meal-one meal, your baby will get used to it over time. Breast milk if available as a nutrient, formula milk or older than 1 year cow milk You can give.
  • Shorten your breastfeeding time. Suitable for age after breastfeeding additional nutrients give.
  • Postpone breastfeeding and divert attention.
  • If you are older than 1 year, you can put restrictions on where and when you breastfeed your baby. Just like you can suck on this seat and before sleep, or you can just suck it after dark.
  • In this period, fathers have big business. It might be helpful if your father feeds the baby while you're not around.
  • Night meals are always more difficult to cut. Therefore night stop breastfeeding Leave to the end. When the night wakes up, your spouse or someone close to his lap and try to calm.
  • If you have tried to stop breastfeeding and have not succeeded in any way, maybe it is not the right time for your baby to stop breastfeeding. Try again after a while.

Breastfeeding is the most ideal and unique feeding method for healthy growth and development of infants. We recommend that you enjoy your motherhood during this long and enjoyable process.

You can review our postpartum weight loss article. Click the link below to review!

Postpartum weight loss; // www. / Post-birth-weight-loss /

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