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Babies who are breastfed during the first 6 months and who are introduced to various additional nutrients starting from the 6th month should take almost every nutrient from the age of one. However, especially in the age of 1-2, we often encounter nutritional problems. This period sometimes causes the feeding times between mother and child to turn into a war. After the age of one, the most common problems are loss of appetite, rejection of food, choosing food, eating small amounts.
What should be healthy eating after one year?
Children do not need to be fed too often during this period. 3 main meals and 2 snacks are enough. If the child continues to breastfeed, it can be continued until 2 years of age. However, if breast milk prevents the child from receiving other nutrients, it may be discontinued during this period.
In order to develop the correct eating behavior and culture of the child, the child must sit at the table with the family and feel that the meal time is also a social environment where family members come together. Family members should set an example for the child to develop positive food behavior. The negative behaviors of adults, such as choosing food, can also lead to the development of the same behavior in children. In addition, the child should be given the opportunity to eat on his own and he should be helped.
Daily balanced and healthy nutrition should be taken in certain amounts from the following food groups:
Meat and meat group, legumes (red meat, chicken, fish meat, eggs, chickpeas, lentils)
Milk and dairy products (milk, yogurt, cheese)
Vegetable and fruit group (fruits, juices, vegetables, salads)
Cereal group (Bread, rice, pasta, floury foods such as)
In order to gain healthy eating habits after the age of one, mothers should pay attention to the following issues:
• Children should never be forced to eat and should not be used as punishment or reward. The child should be given the opportunity to get hungry and eat as he gets hungry.
• Meals should be at regular intervals. At least 2 hours before the main meal, the child should not be given anything to shut down his appetite.
• The duration of the meal should not be longer than 30 minutes. If it lasts longer, the meal should be terminated without much effort and should not be fed by watching games and watching television.
• After skipping the child's refused meal, no junk food, milk or fruit juices should be given until the next meal. If it is thought that he is hungry, the other meal can be taken early and the foods he will eat at that meal should be given.
• Do not try to eat while sleepy and nervous.
• There should be a place where the child can sit comfortably in the sorraph, be able to use comfortably and have his own cutlery and cup.
• They should not be forced to eat foods they do not like or refuse. For example, if the child refuses to eat vegetables, it can be given by making vegetable broths or by mixing various vegetables for meatballs, rice and pasta and omelets. If there is a food that he absolutely rejects, the lack of it can be prevented by giving weight to another food from the same group. Yogurt and cheese can be given weight if the child does not drink milk. If it does not eat meat, eggs and legumes from the same group can be tried to provide protein and iron requirements.
• Food can be prepared and decorated in a way that the child will love.
• Excess water should not be given before and during a meal.
• Sugary foods, ready-made fruit juices, cola drinks, tea, sugar and floury junk-food foods, chips, salami, sausages, such as excess fat and salty foods have no place in healthy children's nutrition.