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Detailed fetal ultrasonography is an ultrasonographic examination in which the evaluation of the external and internal anatomy of the baby and detection of major structural anomalies (structural defects causing death or serious disability in the baby), as well as suspicious findings in terms of chromosomal anomalies and genetic syndromes.
Names such as detailed fetal examination, fetal anomaly screening, second trimester ultrasonography screening or second level ultrasonography are also included in this examination. There are also misrepresentations among the public, such as color ultrasound or 3D ultrasound.
The babies of women with a family history or exposure to external influences such as infection and various drugs are at risk for congenital anomalies, but the majority of the anomalies in infants are in the low-risk group. Therefore, this examination is routinely recommended for all pregnant women. Detailed fetal ultrasonography is performed by gynecologists or radiologists experienced in fetal medicine and diagnosis of fetal anomaly with high resolution ultrasound device.
Detailed ultrasound is not different from normal pregnancy ultrasound; the mother is in the same position (supine position and from the abdomen). Because ultrasound images can be obtained more easily and the organ development of the baby is completed, it is usually 18-23. This examination should be performed to a high standard during gestational weeks and should include a systematic examination for the detection of major and minor anomalies in the infant.
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