The cheeks are red, the eyes are tiny, the forehead is blazing, but the hands and feet are cooler against it. Diagnosis: Your child has fever! Infants and children are more frequent and more severe in comparison to adults. This is because; the temperature setting in the central brain is not yet fully developed. Therefore, when the factors that cause fever are encountered, the thermometer rises and the temperature can drop suddenly again. The body can respond to infections (bacteria and viruses) with fever. Often, fever can also be the first sign of a future disease. At 39 - 40 degrees fever the circulatory system is stimulated and the immune system's defense mechanism is activated. Viruses and bacteria are killed or prevented from multiplying. What is important for parents is to know that: Fever does not give information about the severity of the disease. Fever is an indication that the body's defense mechanism works.What's going on in the body?The body raises its normal temperature to a higher value to counteract the factors that cause the disease. At the same time, the following changes are observed in our body: * Acceleration of heartbeat * Breathing faster * Fever trembling boutsMost often sweating leads to a decrease in body temperature and is also considered as an indicator of recovery.When should he get to a doctor?If the body temperature is higher than 38 degrees when measured from the rectal, fever can be mentioned. Experts are based on fire measures as follows: * The temperature has increased: 37.5 - 37.9 degrees * Fire: 38.0 - 39.4 degrees * High fire: 39.5 - 40.0 degrees * Fatal danger: 40.5 degree and postIf you need to see a doctor immediately:* If it is smaller than three months * Continuous crying * If the nose is cleaned but has difficulty breathing * If you can not swallow or drink liquid * If you can not be sure of the situation * If you have pain in the toilet for more than 24 hours * If you have a fever that does not have symptoms of body temperature over 38 degrees you can make the first intervention to your child at home. If fever persists, consult a specialist immediately.How to measure fever accurately?One of the must-have tools in your home medicine cabinet is a thermometer. Because your child's body temperature can not be understood by placing your hand on your forehead. Of course, the choice of the thermometer and the measurement format are also very important. So how to do the correct measurement? Mouth, armpit, breech or ear? Research shows that children like ear measurements the most. Experts prefer the breech path. Because they can get the most accurate results in this way. Which method you use is up to your own preference. But remember, you should never leave babies and children alone with a thermometer. Measurement from the rectum: The most sure way. Apply some oil to the tip of the thermometer. Lay the child on his side and bend his knees slightly. Measure body temperature for 30 seconds with a digital thermometer. Distract the child during the measurement. The result will be half a degree higher than the armpit. Oral Measurement: Suitable for older children. The thermometer should be kept under the tongue or in the cheek cavities for 2 - 3 minutes. Values will be half a degree lower than those taken from the rectum. To avoid the risk of breakage, do not measure with a normal thermometer. Digital thermometers are more practical. Caution: Cold or hot food, taken 10 minutes before the measurement, may have a misleading effect. Armpit measurement: Although it is a very common method, the reliability rate is low. It is also unsuitable for very mobile children, because the measurement takes at least 3 minutes. The result of this measurement is approximately 1 degree lower than the rectal. If you want to try the method for older children, place the tip of the gauge under the armpits and let the child pinch the gauge with the handle. Make sure the armpits and thermometer are dry. Auricular Measurement: The ideal method for the little ones is special thermometers for the ear. Moreover, it is a popular measurement because of its fast results. The important thing is to find the right position. You should pull the upper part of the ear slightly up so that the thermometer approaches the eardrum. The result is half a degree below the breech. If the baby is lying on a warm pillow before the measurement, the result may not be correct. In such a case, it is useful to wait up to half an hour. Keep a thermometer and antipyretic medication in your home. When you detect a fever in your child, first take a warm shower. Avoid application with cold water. Dress light clothing. Basically, all children who are fired need attention from their relatives. Never leave your sick child alone. Be within range of your voice. Most of the time, a dim and cool room helps the child recover faster and keeps him away from the daily hustle and bustle of the house. Avoid woolen blankets, especially thick clothing that will cause perspiration and heat build-up. If the fever cannot be reduced or persists by these methods, contact your doctor.